Common Evening Primrose - Oenothera biennis • (Evening-Primrose family - Onagraceae)

 

Common Evening Primrose - Oenothera biennis • (Evening-Primrose family - Onagraceae) Each blossom is 1 -2 in. across and has 4 petals and 8 stamens; reflexed sepals. The fruiting capsules, ¾ to 1½ in. long, are enlogated and grow erect. 1- 5 ft. with narrow stemless leaves. Roadsides, waste places. The angled stems are often tinged with reddish purple. In its first year the evening-primrose grows in the form of a rather coarse, flattened rosette of leaves.

 

 

 

 

In the second year a stout stem develops. In most species the flowers open in the evening and close the following morning; hence the common name. New ones continue to appear until autumn frosts. The young stems and leaves of all species have been eaten as cooked greens. The roots, when boiled, taste like parsnip. The seed pods were eaten by Native Americans.

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