Celandine - Chelidonium majus (Poppy family; poppy subfamily - Papaveroideae)


Celandine - Chelidonium majus (Poppy family; Poppy subfamily Papaveroideae) Alien. Similar to the Celandine-poppy but flowers smaller (3/4 in.) leaves attached singly. 1 - 2 ft. Moist ground, wood edges. April - Aug.

The broken stem exudes an acrid, saffron-colored juice that was once used as a dye and to remove warts, corns and freckles.



Herb doctors interpreted the color as a "signature" and used the plant to treat jaundice and liver problems. The generic name is derived from the Greek chelidon, "swallow," because according to Aristotle and others, swallows bathed the eyes of their young in juice to strengthen the eyesight. Herb doctors also used it as a cure for sore eyes.

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